A

NeurovascularMedicine.com
The contents are under continuing development and improvements and may contain errors of omission or fact. The official launch will be at the end of 2018. Feedback vital and always welcome at drokane at gmail.com. This is not to be used for the assessment, diagnosis or management of patients. It should not be regarded as medical advice. It is only for educational purposes. Please adhere to your local protocols. If you are unwell please seek healthcare advice from your doctor. This does not replace senior or specialist advice. If you do not accept this then please do not use the website.

ASPECTS scoring


Learning objectives

  • What is aspects scoring
  • How to do an aspects score
  • Its utility and applications

Introduction

The Alberta Stroke program Early (non contrast) CT score (ASPECT) scoring system is used to assess the extent of early ischaemic changes in the middle cerebral artery territory on non-contrast computed tomography by studying the appearance at two different axial slices corresponding with two different levels and one subtracts 1 from total of 10 for each area affected. A score of 0 suggests extensive MCA infarction and correlates inversely with NIHSS. A score of 10 is normal. An ASPECTS score less than or equal to 7 predicts a worse functional outcome at 3 months as well as symptomatic haemorrhage.

Online training and more information is available from link

NB:Basically the higher the ASPECTs score the better the prognosis. High scores such as 10 are normal and low scores < 5 suggests evolved ischaemic changes
Lentiform nucleus level / Subcortical Structures<
  • M1 Anterior MCA cortex (Frontal operculum) +1
  • M2 MCA cortex lateral to the insular ribbon (Anterior temporal lobe) +1
  • M3 Posterior MCA cortex (Posterior temporal lobe) +1
  • Lentiform (L) +1
  • Caudate nucleus (C) +1
  • Internal capsule any part (IC) +1
  • Insular ribbon/cortex (I)+1
Centrum semiovale level
  • M4 (Anterior)superior to M1 +1
  • M5 (Lateral)superior to M2 +1
  • M6 (Posterior) superior to M3 +1
Total ASPECTS Score. /10

Assessing

The ASPECTS score has some clinical correlation. A normal brain has a score of 10 and as more areas are affected the score falls. A full MCA territory infarct with CT changes would have a score of 0. A sharp increase in dependence and death occurs with an ASPECTS of 7 or less. A common misunderstanding of ASPECTS scoring is to assess only two standardised cuts, i.e. one ganglionic cut through the thalamus and one supraganglionic cut above this. Be sure to include the assessment of all axial cuts of the brain NCCT scan. The ASPECT score is not needed prior to thrombolysis but it does give an element of quantitative rigor to assessing the CT analysis and may be mentioned in any discussion with a stroke physician so useful to have heard of it. The aspects does not incorporate ACA and PCA territories but adjacent infarcts may well have clinical implications.

Uses

The ASPECTs scoring system has been utilised in many ways. It has been used to prognosticate for example the score is a strong predictor of functional outcome. It has also been used to direct therapies. The effectiveness of intra-arterial thrombolysis in patients with middle cerebral artery occlusion shows effect modification by the Alberta Stroke Program Early CT Score. Those with a low ASPECTS score suggesting large MCA infarction can be excluded from futile intra-arterial treatments which are unlikely to result in patient functional independence and increases the risk of haemorrhage.

Aspects Cross section

References and reading

Note: The plan is to keep the website free through donations and advertisers that do not present any conflicts of interest. I am keen to advertise courses and conferences. If you have found the site useful or have any constructive comments please write to me at drokane (at) gmail.com. I keep a list of patrons to whom I am indebted who have contributed. If you would like to advertise a course or conference then please contact me directly for costs and to discuss a sponsored link from this site.

free web counter